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变沙成金 增绿增收

作者: 责任编辑:张雨婷 2018-01-12 14:34:12 来源: 阿拉善日报

——我盟大力发展特色沙产业推动生态好转牧民致富

寒冬时节,记者来到位于巴彦浩特城西十几公里处的名贵药材肉苁蓉科研示范区——阿拉善宏魁苁蓉集团的沙生植物园,只见一片片梭梭林在白茫茫的积雪中迎风而立。阿拉善宏魁苁蓉集团党委书记任存福告诉记者,该园接种了不同来源、不同存放年限、不同存放条件和不同处理方法的苁蓉种子。由于苁蓉为依附植物,因此,它最好的“伴侣”就是梭梭。

“梭梭的根系非常发达,梭梭种上3年后,我们用机械在距离梭梭约0.5~1米的距离打一个直径30厘米、高度0.8~1米的坑,放进土肥和肉苁蓉种子,诱导肉苁蓉寄生在梭梭发达的根系上,汲取营养和水分。”任存福在向记者介绍梭梭与肉苁蓉连接到一体的“秘密”时格外兴高采烈。在梭梭林发挥防风固沙作用的同时,其根部寄生的肉苁蓉具有极高的药用价值,给梭梭种植户们带来了可观的经济收入。

“过去家里几代人都是靠放牧为生,一年辛辛苦苦只能落个温饱。现在政策好了,种植梭梭政府还给发补贴,梭梭接种肉苁蓉,收入翻了番,既改善了草原生态,挡住了风沙,还为我们提供了一个收入稳定、长期致富的好产业。”阿左旗巴彦诺日公苏木苏海图嘎查牧民杨贵兵一家起早贪黑,在自家7000多亩的梭梭林里忙乎着。穿梭在梭梭林中的杨贵兵满脸笑容,他扛着铁锹径直走到一棵梭梭前,轻轻刨开表层黄沙,一颗肉苁蓉已慢慢露出了头尖,顺着根部继续往下挖,整株肉苁蓉大体可见。杨贵兵一手握着肉苁蓉上端,一手握着下端,用着巧劲,慢慢将整根鲜嫩的肉苁蓉拔了出来。

“看,这根肉苁蓉差不多有3斤重,这样的品质不做任何加工,光是卖鲜苁蓉,一根就能卖个200多块钱呢!”杨贵兵笑着说。多年来,邻沙而居的苏海图牧民在长期与风沙的抗争中,正转变思维努力把沙漠生态劣势变为资源优势,由治沙转向用沙,从沙漠获取财富。

“瞧,现在这片梭梭基地基本上已经形成了3个林带,最长的有40公里,宽度在3公里左右。”眼前随风摇曳的梭梭,犹如一个个舞娘,在漫漫黄沙中展示着自己曼妙的身姿。苏海图嘎查书记潘金泽告诉记者,2009年,嘎查开始尝试植树造林,而栽植的首选树种就是既适合本地生长,又能接种苁蓉发展沙产业的梭梭,目前,嘎查的梭梭林面积已经达到了近30万亩。

如今在阿拉善,像杨贵兵一样通过走淘沙致富路,实现增收致富的牧民不在少数。据相关部门统计,目前,我盟禁牧区70%左右的牧户从事沙产业生产经营活动,沙产业收入占纯收入的三分之一。

在推进生态建设中,我盟积极培育发展以肉苁蓉、锁阳、沙地葡萄、黑果枸杞等为主要作物的特色沙产业,向沙漠要绿色、要效益。先后启动了梭梭肉苁蓉、白刺锁阳、黑果枸杞“三个百万亩”林沙产业基地建设,率先在阿左旗巴彦浩特、吉兰泰、乌力吉等9个苏木镇实施了百万亩梭梭苁蓉产业基地建设工程。“十二五”以来,我盟人工梭梭造林规模达到270万亩、接种肉苁蓉54万亩,白刺产业基地围封复壮面积达到200万亩、接种锁阳19.5万亩,精品林果业种植达4.8万亩,全盟荒漠化、沙漠化面积实现双减少,分别比2009年减少了3880平方公里和5620平方公里。

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