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“太阳花”铺开幸福路

作者:崔曙光 责任编辑:张雨婷 2018-04-13 09:19:15 来源: 呼伦贝尔日报

鄂温克族自治旗伊敏阿贵图嘎查牧民乌仁从小就对鄂温克民族文化充满自信,弘扬民族文化、增收致富是她的追求。如今,靠传承、发扬鄂温克民族民间工艺,不仅自己过上了好日子,还带动全旗70多个贫困户脱了贫。

乌仁自小在草原长大,初中毕业后回乡放羊,当时嘎查正在推广畜种改良,她做通父母的思想工作,成为全嘎查畜种改良第一户。1989年,她来到当时的海拉尔乳品厂负责销售,由于业绩突出,1995年被评为自治区劳动模范。2001年,她又回到草原,开始搞起牧户家庭游。每年的旅游收入十多万元。富起来的乌仁看到周围牧民依然贫困,便萌生带动大家一起致富的念头。

2010年,多方奔走调研,乌仁决定发展鄂温克民族手工艺,带动更多人加入到产业脱贫的队伍中来,她自筹资金60万元,创办工作室,把鄂温克民间故事中用勤劳智慧,帮助鄂温克人摆脱困难的太阳姑娘定为奋斗目标。组织嘎查里6个贫困姐妹缝制鄂温克族饰品太阳花。2010年6月,七姐妹第一次带着不分昼夜制作的特色工艺品参加鄂温克瑟宾节,却因产品单一,铩羽而归。乌仁没有气馁,广开思路,用半年多时间,走访国内所有鄂温克人聚居地,遍访民间艺人,搜集整理传统技艺,并加以改进更新,同时派出人员外出学习推广,使产品得到市场认可。

索诺日是最早跟着乌仁做太阳花的,她不但学到了手艺,收入也一年一个样,从最初一个月的七八百元钱,现在的五六千元,自己有了稳定收入,还帮父母改善了生活。

为了让更多姐妹增加收入,摆脱贫困,乌仁每年都要抽出两个月时间,深入鄂温克族聚居区传授技艺,辅导初学者,并把自己半数以上订单分发给贫困户制作,让大家共同享受鄂温克传统文化带来的收获。到目前,已经有七百多人参与过乌仁团队的订单,其中,264人是贫困户,70多人靠太阳花订单脱了贫。

2015年,乌仁团队制作的“希温·乌娜吉”太阳姑娘饰品成为自治区级非遗项目,2016年,乌仁被批准为自治区级非遗项目代表性传承人。前不久,国家旅游部门又把乌仁团队的产品列为全国旅游景点重点推荐产品,乌仁也正在筹措扩大生产团队,让太阳姑娘的光芒照耀更多家庭。

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