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手指总是脱皮怎么办?

作者: 责任编辑:张燕 2018-05-11 11:00:42 来源: 山西晚报

最近,很多市民手部都会出现不同的干燥现象,干燥、蜕皮、倒刺等纷纷袭来,不仅影响美观,也非常不舒适。如何解决这些手部皮肤问题,就此我们采访了山西省人民医院皮肤科主任医师陈小敏。

陈小敏说,这是春夏之交最常见、最易发生的手角质层剥脱症状,虽有碍外观,但一般不需要治疗。手脱皮是普遍存在的一种现象,主要是有季节变换、天气干燥等外部原因,手部肌肤构造比较特殊,虽然角质层很厚,能够很好地抵御来自外界的刺激,但相较于面部和胸背部的肌肤来说,手部皮脂腺分布非常少,导致手部肌肤长期处于皮脂匮乏的状态。气候干燥,更加容易加速角质层中的水分流失,使手部变得干燥褶皱。另外,还有个人体质及疾病的内在原因,患者应该根据不同的类型和症状,进行针对性的护理或来医院进行治疗。

“最常见的剥落脱皮,其症状是双手表面脱白皮,没有瘙痒、炎症,一般不需要治疗。”陈小敏说,还有一种干燥性皮炎,其症状除脱皮外,还会有裂口,最常见于中青年女性,与经常用香皂洗手、洗衣服有关。如患手足癣或汗疱疹,也会引起脱皮,但会同时伴有红斑、水疱、炎症,瘙痒明显等症状,应及早在医生指导下外涂、口服药物。

陈小敏说,要改善手脱皮的现象,就要注意保持皮肤洁净,最好用温水洗手。平时避免接触肥皂、洗手液等刺激性化学用品,洗衣服时尽量戴手套。洗完手要记住擦护手霜,或者用维生素E挤破后涂抹在手上,都可滋润双手。补充维生素A可对皮肤的表层产生保护作用。陈小敏建议,平时饮食上多吃胡萝卜、动物肝脏、蛋黄、牛奶、鱼类等富含维生素A的食物,或服用复合维生素片。

另外,陈小敏提醒,脱皮时千万不要撕去尚未完全剥离的表皮,这样可能会出现出血、疼痛、裂隙,加重脱皮的症状,使皮肤更加发硬和干燥。

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